In medieval times, most charitable giving was done through the church. Money could be left to pay priests to chant mass for the souls of the departed. In some cases, the amount was large enough to build a special chapel, or chantry, for the purpose. This, along with giving to the poor during one’s lifetime was seen as a way easing the path through Purgatory into Heaven. At this time the “settled” poor were defined as widows, the unemployed, the low paid and the sick – wandering vagrants were looked upon less kindly. Donations were also made during this period for use by colleges, hospitals and monasteries all, of course, under the control of the church.In Elizabethan England, an increasing population and the effects of the dissolution of the monasteries led to an increase in poverty and prompted a series of laws made between 1563 and 1601 to alleviate the problem. The parish was made responsible for the support of its poor and for providing them with work. This was funded by parish rates collected by the appointed Overseers of the Poor who were often the churchwardens and the incumbent. The earliest record we have, so far, of charitable giving in Langham is contained in the Will of William Smyth dated 1512 where he left 20s to the church, a “good beast” to the Guild and 6s 8d to “Our Lady of ??” (words indecipherable).Gifts to the church and the mother church (cathedral) were common and money was also left to repair bridges and roads as seen in the wills of Nicholas Watson 1572, Cuthbert Fawcett 1574 and James Hubbard 1589.The first mention of a gift to the poor is in the will of William Beeson in 1557. William leaves 12d to the parish church, towards repairing the body of the church, and 6s 8d to the poor people of my parish.Most bequests were single payments and often contained very specific instructions. Thomas Palmer 1614 required 3s 4d to be given to the poor on St Thomas’s Day after his death; Richard Spell 1615 left 60s to be distributed to the poor of Langham and to “everie poor bodie” who attended his burial “from other places”.Of more than forty transcribed 16th century wills on this website, thirty-seven contain some charitable bequests. 17th century wills studied, numbering over one hundred and fifty, record eighteen bequests. During the 18th century, from over forty transcribed wills, we have noted five bequests - all to the poor, while in the 19th century, in over fifty wills so far seen, five recorded gifts include benefits to the poor, the church, bishop, Wesleyan Missionary Society, the Rutland Dispensary and Stamford Hospital.Where a charity was to continue over the years, responsibility for its administration was normally given to the minister and/or churchwardens. John Walmsley 1611 left three pounds to be “a perpetuytie forever” administered by his wife throughout her lifetime and then by the minister and churchwardens. Five shillings was to be given to the poor on the “next Sunday after Easter usually called Loe Sunday ... whereof Jone Curtes shalbe one and to have foure pence of the saide money”. The will of William Andrew 1638 gave forty shillings to the poor of Langham on the day of his burial and seven pounds and ten shillings to be paid on St James’s Day after his death.The churchwardens held the responsibility to provide bread on St James’s Day thereafter.Langham also benefited in 1692, as did many other Rutland parishes, from Rev. Henry Forster’s charity for teaching poor children.In 1896 the Charity Commissioners split the administration of Langham Charities between the Church and the Parochial Charities administered by the Parish - The Parochial Charities took on the “The Billesdon Poor's Land and The Frances Clarke gift” for which they still hold responsibility in 2017.Please select from the list below for specific charitable donations and to see which are still active today.Thomas BusbyThe Frances Clarke GiftThe Bainton Poor Land : Click here to see the 1682/3 IndentureClick here to see the 1684/5 Indenture : Click here to see a transcription Part 1 : Part 2The Billesdon Poor LandHenry Hubbard’s GiftThomas WatkinsWilliam SharradReferences: Langham Wills;Supplementary Returns – for the Benefit of Poor Persons, County of Rutland 1786;Further report of the Commissioners [County of Rutland] for Inquiries Concerning charities 1821;Langham Church Wardens’ Accounts;The Life and Families of 17th Century Langham - Langham Village History Group;VCH of Rutland Vol II;
Langham Village History Group
Now go back ane view the transcription which is in two parts
Will of William Smyth de Langham - 1512Northants RO Archdeaconry of NorthamptionBook A folio 126[The page is damaged so the right-hand side of this Will has some words or part words missing. The Christian name is missing on the will itself but in the undamaged index at the beginning of the book the name is William Smyth.]In Dei nominee amen the XViii day of December the yr off our Lord God an dom MCCCCCXii …………….. off Langham off hole mynd and good memory bequeath my soule to Almighty God to our Lady Mary and to all the company of hevyn Item I bequeath my body to be buried in the church LanghamItem I bequeath be (good?) [other wills around this date say “best beast” in this position, so should this mean “a good beast”?] to be my morturye after custom and manner of the town guild off Langham XXs. to the church aforesaid 6s. 8d. to our Lady of …………………. Item I bequeath to William Smyth my wiffes sone my best cart and the horse with there geres a cowe and a boloke and XX sheep Item I bequeath to the Vi (burgesses?) of Langham Vi ……………. Sharpe my kinsman a old carte an a horse not the best nor the worst and six sheepe and (……?) six sheepe Item to Henry her sone iV sheepe Item to evry good child a sheep [the word is “good” but I wonder if he meant “godchild”?] Ir. to John Watson Vi sheep this done and my debts paid the residue of my goods not bequeathed I bequeath to (Kathryn?) Smyth my wiff and I ordayne her and (William?) Sharpe my executors to fullfill my wyll and to pay my debts and I make John Watson overseer to the same writing att Langham the daye and yeare aforesaid to the same. Sir William Taylor Thomas Balle Thomas Hubbard with others.Transcribed by Freda Smithson - Langham Village History Group
Nicholas Watson of Langham 1572NRO will MW14 F100 W226Testm Nichi Watson de Langham des An Dm 1572 nona die meses Julij Anno Rne Elizabethe xiiijtoIn the name of god Amen the daie & yeare above said, I Nicholas Watson of Langham in the countie of Rutland husbandman sicke in body but whole in mynd and memorie Doe make and ordein this my laste will in manner and forme followynge ffirstI bequeth my soule to almightie god & my bodie to the earthe etcAlsoI geve to the Churche of Langham to the reperinones of the belles & to the mendinge of the bridges of the same town iis xijd to eyther of them the belles and the bridgeAlsowhen yt ys agreed btwest the said Nicholas and one Willim Webstar of Langham aforesaid that the said Nicholas should have duringe his lyffe in consideracon that the said Willm Webster hath paid to thuse of the right honourable the Lord Cromwell xl for the fine of the ferme that I dwell in the hawle the perlor ij acres of arable land in every fffeld one halffe acre in the hie meddowe, one Lea in the howse sycke, ij neates pastures & tene shepes commons halfe the frute in thorchey and thover end of the barn to lay corn in, and the carte hovel to laye pease upon, and two lodes of wood carringe.Duringe the lyves of the said Nicholas and Kethrinn his wyffe, and yf yt please god to call eyther of them to his mercie then the longer lyver to have but one acre & a halfe of erable land in every fylde one halffe acre in the meddow one netes pasture tenne shepes commons so they be not letten, halfe the frute the barne end and the hovel the hawell and parler as aforesaid and the woode carringe aforesaid, and at thend of bothe their lyves when god shall cauall them the corne that ys upon the ground then thone halffe the said Willm to have as his owne, thother halffe he to have yt of a price Doinge one and other will doe before any otherThe Rest of all my goods or Catttells unbequethed my legacie performed and my funeral expenses dyscharged I geve to Kathern my wyffe whome I make my whole Executrix of this my last will and testament, and I make and ordeine Thomas beale my supervisor and for his paines I bequeath him xijd In wytnesse whereoof I have setto my hand or marke the daie & yeare abovesaid N Watson markCutbert ffawcet Teste Thoma beale James hubborrdeWm Coole
JACOBI HUBBERD de LangromIn dei nimine Amen The vijth day of Marche in the yeare of our Lord god 1589 Anno Regni dom [?] Eliz dei gra Angl ffranc et Hibnie Regine fidi defensor etc [?resimo] primo I James Hubberde Of Langrom in the County of Rutland husbandman being sicke in bodye & in perfect memory do make & ordain this my last will & Testament in manner & forme following that is to say ffirst I comit my soule unto the hands of my Lord Jesus Christ who dyed for me & all mankind desiring Almighty God to pardon & forgive me of all my former misdeeds & offences & to receive My soule into eternall life amongst the elect & chosen of God & there to rest & contynewe world without ende & my body to be buried in the churche & chappell of LangromIn primisI give & bequeathe to the churche of Lincolne 4d Item[Item]I give & bequeathe to Richard Hubberd my sonne all my leases & chattels with the appurtenances situate & being in Langrom during the terme of the yeares of the said leases & all my other goodes moveable & unmoveable onely excepted those goodes & other thinges which hearafter in this my will I will dispose & give & also I give to the said Richard my sonne all my debts that be owing unto meItemI will that Isabell my wife shall remayne with my sonne Richard & have her fynding with sufficient meate & drinke & clothing & all other thinges necessarye to her maintenance during her natural life & if the said Isabell my wife shall mislike at anytime of her fynding & other thinges that she is to have I will then that she shall have one Tenement house in the tenure & occupation of John Lee situate in Langrom with all other houses & [word obscured, marks on copy] to the same belongying ij milsh kye & ij Acres of Arrable lande in everye of the three fields of Langrom & one lode of hay during her naturall life to be planted dressed at the proper costes & charges of Richard my sonne or his assignes my wife fynding seed for the said ij acres of lande & my sonne Richard to carry the Corne & lode of haye that shall growe & increase upon the same lande unto the said tenement during the terme of my lease, if my wife so long do liveItemI give to Isabell my wife ij bedsteads with furniture thereunto iiij peces of pewter & one Cubborde that standes in the hallItemI give & bequeathe unto John Hubberd my sonne One cottage howse now in the tenure of Ales greetom & Margerye Hewit my sisters after their diceases during so many yeares as shall be then to come & unexpired in my lease last taken of the same howse & one Acre of Arrable lande in every of the three fields of Langrom & yearly at every half yeare Xs, if the said John Hubberd so longe do liveItemI give & bequeath to my sisters Ales Greetom & Margery Hewit yearly half a [quarter?] of bread corne to be paid by Richard my sonne during their naturall livesItemI give to every one of my sonne Richards children one Ewe & a lambe & one calf which calves are to be kept of the charges of my sonne Richard until they be iij yeares oldItemI give to Jone Raines & Isabell Raines my daughters children, to every of them one calf to be kept at the Charges of my sonne Richard until they be iij yeares old & to every one of the Residew of her children Xs to be paid by Richard my sonneItemI give to The repayre of the hye wayes & briges about Langrom 3s 4d to be paid by Richard my sonneItemI give to Isabell Smithe my daughter XXs I make & ordeyne Isabell my wife my full executrix of this my last will & Testament & if my Wife do refuse to be my executrix I will then that my sonne Richard shall be my executorI make John Olmer the overseer of this my last will & testament & I give him for his paynes XXs witnesses herunto Debts owing unto me James HubberdItemof Thomas [ffrostucall?] of wisoo iijlb iiijs Itemof Humphrey humson iijlb Itemof John Sutton vlb ItmItemof James hubberd the yonger labourer iiijlb xiijs iiijd
William Beeson of Langham 1557NRO MW11 F7The testamt and last Will \ of William Beson of langham \ \ In dei nominie Amen Ao dm 1556 the xxv daye \ of August I william Benson of langham make \ and order this my last will and testamt in maner \ and forme folowing ffyrst I bequethe my soule \ unto almightie god my maker and Redemer \ by whose deathe and passion and pressious \ blode shedinge I trust to be an Inherytor of the \ kyngdome of heaven and to have there bye \ forgyffnes of my synnes amen ffirst I bequethe \ my bodye to be buried in chrystenmanes burial \ I bequethe to my paryshe churche xijd towardes ... \ repayringe of the bodye of the churcheI beq...... \ to the poore people of my paryshe of Langham \ vjs viijd I bequethe to my mother Agnes bes..... \ vis viijd and ann elne of the best holland cloth \ in my howse I bequethe to my brother henry \ beson my geldinge wth sadell and brydell and \ all things belonging to the same geldinge \ I bequethe to my children xiijli vjs viijd \ a pece of them that is amonge them liijli vjs \ viijd and I will that the one shall survive the \ other that is to saye the one shalbe inheritor \ to the others porte[n?] yf god desire he should take \ anye of them as god destenes it and to be dystr.... \ buted amonge the rest of them orderley \ And if ought should come to the said iiij chyl \ dren of otherwyse from good as god destenes yt before \ the come to the full age of xxj yeres then I \ will that the same some of moneye by be me bequ \ thed to the said iiij Chyldren shalbe geven unto \ the next of my kyn xlli of that some and th \ other xiijli vjs viiijd unto poore maides marages to th.. \ number of xx poore maids that is xiijs iiijd ap...., \ by my executors and oversears And Also I \ surrender uppe unto the hands of William of \ Langham for the use of my Son John beson \ one Cottage laite in thands of one John S[crease in paper] \ wth the bee hyves belonging to the said howse \ I bequethe to my uncle John ball a bonnet price \ vs and to his daughter Agnes ball a whyte \ Cappe price vs Item one farme late in the hands \ of Ric Dyckman to be equallye devyded betwixte \ them too for the terme of the yeares that I have \ or shall have to come And for forther I will \ that my wyffe Johne Beson shall have the \ custodye of ij of the said Children and \ theire portions wth them And my bro \ ther Harrye to have the other ij children \ and there portions wth them also All \ the Resydue of my goods unbequethed \ my debts my legacies and my funeralle \ dyscharged I geve and bequethe to Jone \ beeson my wyffe And I do order and make \ to be my full executors in this my last \ will Jone beeson my wyffe and Henrye \ beeson my brother and my oversear in \ this my Last will to be fulfilled John \ ball and he to have for his paynes ta \ kynge herin as is above declared And \ this my Last will and testamt to stand \ in full ex effecte And hereunto wth him \ we are wyttenesses as herafter foloweth \ the daye and yere above wrytten \ By me William go[mm?]ie saltar by me William \ Clarke and in the presens of Thomas \ harryson wth other mo there being pub..... \
Will of Thomas Palmer of LanghamNorthants R.O. Peterborough H117Thomas Palmer de Langham Septemb: 11o 1614An Dei noic Amen. I Thomas Palmer of Langham ……. the county of Rutland milner do make this my last will & testem in manner & forme as followeth First I do commit and commend my soule unto……….. Almighy god my maker and master …………Christ my only Saviour and redeemer & my Body to be buried in the church of Langham near adjoining to my (seate?) ItemI give unto the cathedral & church of Peterb. iiiid ItemI give to the church of Langham iiiidItem I give to the poore people of Langham iiis iiiid to be distributed among them on St Thomas day next after my desease at the discretion of the minister & churchwardens Item I give to my daughter Bridget v£ to be paid unto her within one year after my desease and from the said sum of money to be put forth for her future useItem I give to my daughter v£ to be paid unto her within three years after my desease & then to be put forth for her better profit & use.Item I give to my Brother Henrie Palmer twentie nobles to be pd unto him within one year after my deseaseItem I give unto Margaret Hubbard the daughter of Henrie Hubbard my kinswoman one ewe & one lambe at the time of the year Item I give unto Margaret More (amount not read by FS) within one month after my deseaseItem of all my goods & chattels moveable & unmovable nonbequeathed & not given I do give unto Elizabeth Palmer my wife & unto my natural sonne Stephen Palmer whom I do make jointly the full executor of this my last will & testament & they to pay all my debts legacies & funeral expenses bringing my body honestly to the ground and in regard of the great trust I Beare unto Henrie Hubbard & Thomas Beaver my honest neighbour I do make them supavisors of this my last will & testament in hope that they will see all things pformed according to the honest & true intent of this my last will & testam & they to have xiid apiece for their paines in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand on the day & in the yeare above writtenWitnesses - Nathaniel Croft; O Parke; the mark of ……. Palmer
Richard Spell of Langham 1615NRO Peterborough will MW91 Book IX F108T Richi Spell de LanghamIn the name of god Amen the three & twentieth day of March 1614 In the xij yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne lord James by the grace of god of England ffrance & Ireland king defender of the faith etc & of Scotland the xlviijth I Richard Spell of Langham in the County Rutl. Gent. being sicke of body but of perfect memory thankes be to god do ordaine and make this my last will & testament in manner & forme followingFfirstI bequeath my soule into the hands of almighty god beleivinge & professing to be saved & have all my sinnes pardoned me onely for the merrits of the death & passion of my blessed savior Jesus Christ & my body Christianly to be buried in Langham Church upon which day I give xls to be distributed to the poore of Langham & also to everie other poore body that shall come to my buriall from other places I desire my wife acording to hir power to bestowe somwhat upon them at hir discretionItemtouching my lease of certaine grounds at Loddington my will is that my welbeloved wife ffrancis shall have to her use the first yeare next after my death those rents & Revenoues according as it is to be recaved each halfe paying out of it vils to the lord for the Rent xls to my brother Mr Thoms Spell & xxs to the poore of Loddington - The rent & Revenues of the second yeare I give to my daughter Elizabeth Spell the like payment out of it being discharged as in the first yeare & my will is that as the rents come in ech halfe yeare it be put into the hands of my sd brother Mr Thoms Spell & by him to be put forth & imployed to the best yearly for my daughters use till she come to the age of xviij yeares or the day of her marriage which comes firstItemthe rents & revenues of the third yeare the foresaid payment out of it being discharged as in the first yeares I give to my sonne Richard Spell & my will is that each halfe yeares rents be put & payed into the hands of Mr William Gibson of Barlithorp by him to be imployed to his best use till he come to the age of xxj yeares or be married which comes firstItemThe rest of the years in the lease I give to my sd wife discharging the fore saide paymts of vjl to the lord xl to my brother Mr Thomas Spell & xxs to the poore of Loddington she all my other goods and Chattels bills & bonds & houshold stuffe & moveables whatsoever except that alreadie bequeathed and that which hereafter in this will I shall bequeath I give & bequeath to my said wife ffrancis for hir maintenance and the bringing up of my ChildrenItemby this my will I Desire my brother Mr Thomas Spell that after my death he will sell this house wherein I now live & put it forth so as my wife may have the yearly increase & commodity of it for the better educacon of my said sonne Richard & the stock for the which the house shall be sould to be by my said brother paied to my said sonne at the age of xxj yeares or on the day of his marriage which shall first comeItemI give unto everye one of mine owne Sisters vs apece to buy them a ringeItemI give unto my two godchildren Henry Wigby & John Pole xs a pece & to each of my godchildren besides ijs vjd a pece if it be demandedItemto my servants xs a pece more then theire wagesItemI give unto my father in law Mr Christopher Stace vs to buy him a ringItemI give to Mr [G…th] vs Ite to Mr Peache I give xs intreating him to preach at my funeralItemI give to my brother Mr Thomas Spell my best blacke suite & my blacke cloke and to my brother Mathew a suite that is now amakinge and my browne Cloake and to my brother Overy my skaine and to my brother Mathew Stacey my greene cloke and to my brother William Stacey my sword & greene hangers and my silke stockings & silke gaiters and to my brother William Dalby my best hatItemI give to my mother my fillyItemI give to my daughter Elizabeth my browne heiferItemI give to all my brothers inlawes Children ijs a peceItemI give to the church of Langham vjs viijdItemI give to Roger Clarke xijdItemto my uncle Henry Oliver my greene suite my white hat & my coateItemI give to my servant Baptist twoo paire of stockins a paire of boots and a dubletItemI give to Mr ffrancis Jepson my best girdle & hangersItemI give to my Cusen Richard Oliver Two payre of head stalls reines & stirrupleathers & the like to Mr William GibsonItemI ordaine & make my sd wife ffrancis to be my Sole & whole Executrix to see this my will faithfully performed my funerall discharged and Debts paidItemI ordaine & appoint my loveing ffrends Mr Richard Bushby & Mr William Gibson & my brother Mr William Dalby to be my overseers intreating them to be assistant to my wife with their faithfull advice & furtherance I give to Mr Richard Bushbye my RapierIn witness that this is my last will & testament I have set to my hand & seale the Day & yeare first above writtenRichard Spell Delivered & professed to be his last will and testament in the presence of William PeachyRichard Bushby William GibsonWilliam Dalbie
John Walmsley of Langham 1611NRO Peterborough will Film MW 90 Book VIII F126T. Johnis WalmsleyDe Langham Ano Dm 1611In Dei nomie Amen the xxvjth daie of March and in the ninth yeare of or Soveraigne Lord James by the gracious providence of god Kinge of great Brittane ffrannce and Ireland Defender of the faith etc And of Scotland the xliiijth I John Walmsley of Langham in the county of Rutland Victualer, beinge in body sicke & weake but sound in minde and perfecte of memory thanks and praise be given to thalmightie god, doe make this my last will & testamt in manner and forme followinge ffirst I commend my Soule into the hands of the eternall god my Creatr and to Jesus Christe my onely Savior and redeemer and my body to the earth from whence it came and to be buried in the church of Langham nere unto the seate end where I commonly used to sit Item I give to the repaire of the churche sixe shillings eight pence Item I give to everye godchild iiijd and to John Bullymer twelve penceItem I give to the daughter Issabell Walmsley twenty shillings in money within one yere after my decease & to be delivered to John Walter to their useItem I give to Thomas [Penke or Peuke] and his wife every yere one strike of barly dureinge my lease against Christmas dureinge my leaseItem I give to my brother Ellingworth two shillingsItem I give to my brother Bullimer every new yeres daie so longe as he liveth twelve penceItem I give for the use of the poore people in Langham the sume of three pounds in money wthin one yeare after my decease and to be put forth by my wife for there use so long as she liveth and when it shall please god to end her daies then the said Some shalbe comissned into the hands of the minister and churchwardens for theire time beinge and so to continue a perpetuytie for ever And that the use beinge five shillings shall for ever the next sonndaie after Easter usually called Loe Sunndaie be disposed to the poore whereof Jone Curtes shalbe one and to have foure pence of the saide moneyItem all the residue of all my goods moveable and immoveable not given and unbequeathed I give unto Jone my wife whoe I make my full and sole Executrix of this my last will and testament and she to paie and dischardge my debts & legacies wth my funeral expences and to see my body decently & christionly brought to the earth, and for the better performance hereof I entreate Mr Bartholomew Clarcke & my kinseman Thomas Horneby to be my faithfull Supervisors in trust to see this my last will and Testament to be performed accordinge to my true meaninge and they to have for their paines two shillings sixe pence a piece In witness whereof I have put to my name and marcke the daie and yeare above written by me John WalmsleyWitnesses Richard Burcket curateWilliam GlenNicholas Jordaine
The Thomas Busby BequestBy his will dated 13th December 1577, Thomas Busby, gentleman of Meyford, Staffordshire made several bequests relating to Langham, Barleythorpe and Oakham.As well as bequeathing twenty shillings for repairs to Langham Church and ten for repairs at Oakham Church, Thomas left ten pounds to be delivered to the poor of Langham, Oakham and Barleythorpe within four months of his death. He also bequeathed to Doctor Goodman, Dean of Westminster, and Mr Edward Chambers and their heirs, a messuage (cottage) in Langham desiring them “to bestow in deeds of charity to the poore sicke and impotent people of Langham and Barleythorpe, the yearly rent thereof”.There is no longer any trace of this charity.[LVHG is currently researching the Busby family who had land in Rutland.]
The Frances Clarke GiftRoger Clarke, born in Langham on the 20th March 1559 left the village for London where he became a Salter. A citizen of influence and wealth, he became an alderman and was Sherriff of London in 1599/1600. He died in 1608 remembering the poor of his birthplace to the tune of six pounds, thirteen shillings and four pence to be distributed by his brother, Bartholomew, and the churchwardens. (Roger’s total estate was worth around £20,000, approximately £2.3 million today) After Roger’s death, his widow Frances paid annuities of £200 to a number of City Companies for charitable purposes. One of these was to the Worshipful Company of Tallow Chandlers, which was charged with paying £10 yearly “towards the reliefe and maintenance of the poore people which shall be of the Towne of Langham in the County of Rutlande”.Frances died in 1618 and her lengthy will makes clear that the charity should continue after her death. It continues to this day; the amount was increased to £25 in 1988 but in recent years, through the good offices of Maurice Cocking, who in his role as editor of the Historical Journal of the Tallow Chandlers’ Company discovered the connection with Langham, his evacuated wartime home, the sum now paid yearly is £200.(The Church Wardens’ account book for 1787 show receipt of only £5 but with no signatures.)
The Bainton Poor LandBetween 1682 and 1685, a number of benefactors gave varying amounts of money for the relief of the poor and the use of the church. The greatest amount, £15 was given by Thomas Sharpe with Edward, Lord Noel donating £13. 6s. 4d; M Whitfield, £10; William Andrew £7; Elizabeth Bagley, John Bullimore, Joane Clarke, Henry Hubbard, Elizabeth Ascue, and William Hubbard £5 each; Edward Briscoe, £3. 13s. 4d; John Walmsley and James Jackson £3 each and Henry Seagrave and William Webster £2 each.This money, with an additional amount of £22. 5s taken from a bequest made by Elizabeth Chamberlin, was used to purchase land and property at Bainton. The purchase, comprising a cottage, outbuildings and fifteen acres of arable and pastureland, four cow commons, three horse commons and forty sheep commons in the parishes of Bainton and Barnack, was made by the Trustees of the Poor, namely, Henry Hubbard, Luke Sharpe, Richard Cheseldine and John Hack. The vendors were Dorothy Ireland (a widow of Preston, Rutland) and her son William. The first tenant, John Bird, was charged rent of £5.10s per year with a tenancy of six years. Rent was due on the customary dates of 25th March (Lady Day) and 29th September (Michaelmas) but for the first year, the tenant was allowed to keep £3. 5s in order to repair the cottage. The indenture made on 4th May 1682 states that all rents and profits shall succour and relieve the poor and repair the church “in such sort and manner as shall be from tyme to tyme for ever be agreed upon and thought meet to the chiefest part of the inhabitants... of Langham for the tyme being”. It also states that no changes can be made “without the consent and in the presence of Soe many of the inhabitants of the said Towne of Langham as will be at the ffive and Twentyth Daiae of March next ensuing then present in the parish Church of a Langham aforesaid.”A note in the Churchwardens’ Account book of 1806 states that the Poors Land at Bainton is let at £7 per year rent taken half-yearly and the person who receives it spends 1s each time.The Further Report of the Commissioners [County of Rutland] for Inquiries Concerning Charities (1821) states that the sum of 16s. a year is paid for land tax, and 18s. a year are deducted from the rents for the repairs of the church.In October 1916 the Grantham Journal reported that “owing to the heavy though necessary expenditure in repairing the roofs etc. on this property, the participators in Langham of the annual dole derived from this source will, unfortunately this year find their share much curtailed.”This charity was in the hands of the church and we understand that the land was eventually sold in 1961 and the money invested in Treasury Bonds.
The Billesdon Poor Land Elizabeth Chamberlin, whose contribution of £22 5s. made up the purchase price of the land at Bainton actually left in her will £100. She is described, on the schedule of donors, as a widow of the city of London, but so far, our efforts to trace her will, or to find out who she was and how she was connected with Langham, have failed. The remaining £87 15s. of her bequest was used to buy land at Billesdon. The transaction took place on 14th April 1685 between the Trustees of the Poor of Langham, messrs, Hubbard, Sharpe, Cheseldine and Hack; and Peter Rudkin of Morcott and William and Thomas Hanger of Billesdon. The purchase was described as “a fourth part of one yard land, lying in the fields, precincts and territories of Bilsdon, subject to a mortgage of £30 in trust for the use of the poor decayed inhabitants of Langham, such as the trustees, together with the overseers of the poor of Langham should think fit objects of charity.” When Billesdon was enclosed, a close of six acres was allotted in lieu of the original land. In 1806 the land was let at twelve guineas per year and the person bringing in the rent was allowed one shilling to spend. In 1821 the land was in the occupation of John Mansfield as yearly tenant at a rent of twelve guineas. In 1842 the land was let at £15. 00 per year to John Crowson of Oakham from Old Lady Day.This land remains in the hands of Langham Parochial Charities and the rent, together with the donation from the Worshipful Company of Tallow Chandlers provides the gifts made to widows and widowers of the parish in December each year.
Henry Hubbard’s GiftIn his will dated 1714 Henry Hubbard gave £40 to be put out at interest by his executors for the use of ten poor widows of the parish. The interest was to be paid yearly and distributed at the discretion of the executors and overseers of the poor. A further £10 was given with the yearly interest to be paid to the parish church. Henry’s executors were his son William and his son-in-law John Sharpe.The sum of £1.5.0 was apparently paid by William Hubbard, as interest on one half of the legacy, for some years when land at Sewstern was purchased. The sum of £1.5.0 continued to be paid; twenty shillings to the ten poor widows and five shillings to the church. The sum of £1.5.0 interest was paid by the other executor and his representatives or descendants until 1814 when Mr Richard Sharpe being in reduced circumstances declined to pay. The land at Sewstern was sold in 1954.Research continues into this charity.
Indenture Transcription Part 1This Indenture made the three and twentieth Day of August in the Six and thirteth yeare of the raigne of our Lord Charles the second by the grace of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland Kinge etc Betweene Moses Ireton of the Burrough of Leicester in the County of Leicester Tapister and Peter Rudkin of Morcott in the County of Roteld whitewer Thomas Hanger of Bilsdon in the said County of Leicester Blacksmith (the said Peter and Thomas being Executors of the last will and Testamt of Anne Theobalds late of Billesdon aforesaid widdow deceased) of the one parte and John Muston of little Dalby in the said County of Leicester Clerke of the other partewhereas the said Anne Theobalds by the name of Anne Theobalds of Billesdon in the County Leicester widdow by her Indentures of lease and Release beareing Date the fifth Sixth dayes of August in the three and thirtieth yeare of his Majesties Raigne that now is for the Consideracon of the sume of thirty pounds did grant Bargaine Sell and convey unto the said Moses Ireton and his heires and assignes All that quodeine or fouerth part of one yard land with Thappurtennces be it more or lesse lieing and being within the feilds Lordshippes Liberties precincts and Territories of Billesdon aforesaid in the said County of Leicestershire then or late being in the Tenure or occupacon of her the said Anne Theobalds her assigne or assignes Togeather with all and singuler hedges ditches mounds fences trees woodes underwoodes waies Easmts paths passages and all other proffitts priviledges Commedites advantages emoluments hereditaments appurtennances whatsoever to the said quarterne or fouerth parte of one yard land and premisies with thappurtennacs and everye or any parte or parcell thereof belonging or in any wise apperteyning and the Revercon and Revercons Remainder and Remainders thereof And all the state right title interest use possession Claime and demand whatsoever of her the said Anne Theobalds her heires and assignes and everye of them of into or out of the said quorterne or fouorth parte of one yard land and premises with thappurtennances and of into or out of everye or any parte or parcell thereof To have and to hold the said quorterne or fouerth parte of one yard land & premisies thereby granted or intended to bee granted with theappurtennances and everye parte & parcell thereof unto the said Moses Ireton his heires and assignes forever to the onely propper use and behoofe of him the said Moses Ireton and his heires and assignes forever under a certaine provisoe or Condicon in the said indenture of Release Conteyned that if the said Ann Theobalds her heires Executors Administrators or assignes or any of them did & should well & truly pay or cause to bee paid unto the said Moses Ireton his Executors Administor assignes or any of them the full & just Summe of thirty five pounds & Eight shillings of lawfull mony of England in manner and forme following that is to say Eighteene shillings parte thereof in or upon the sixth day of ffebruary then next ensueing the date of the said recited indenture of Release & Eighteene shillings more part thereof in or upon the sixth day of february which then should bee & since hath beene in the yeare of our Lord according to the accompt of England one thousand Six hundred Eighty and two and Eighteene shillings more parte thereof in or upon the Sixth day of August which then should bee & since hath beene in the yeare of our Lord according to the accompt of England one thousand six hundred Eighty and three And Eighteene more part thereof in or upon the Sixth day of february which then should bee & since hath beene in the yeare of our Lord according to the accompt of England one thousand six hundred Eighty and three And Thirty poundes and Eighteene more residue thereof in or upon the sixth day of August which then should bee in the yeare of our Lord according to the accompt of England one thousand six hundred Eighty and foure & since hath beene this instant August at or in the then dwelling house of William Massey gentln situate and being in Burrough of Leicester aforesd Then the recited indenture of Release & everye clause therein Conteyned should bee frustrate void and of none effect to all intents & purposes whatsoever as in & by the said recited indenture of Release relacon there unto being had may more at large appeareAnd whereas the said Anne Theobald her heires Executors Administratrs or assignes or any of them did not pay unto the said Moses Ireton all the said summe of thirty & five pounds and Eight shillings at the severall daies and times in the said recited indenture of Release expressed and appointed for the paimt thereof nor at any time since whereby the title Estate & interest of the said Moses Ireton and of his [?] heires and assignes of & in the said quorterne or fouerth parte of one yard land & premises with Thappurtenncis is in Law become forfeited & indefeazable now this Indenture witnesseth that for & in Consideracon of the Summe of thirty pounds of lawfull English money unto the said Moses Ireton in hand paid by the said John Muston before then Sealing and delivery hereof the receipt whereof the said Moses Ireton doth hereby Confesse & acknowledge & there of and of everye parte thereof doth acquit release and discharge the said John Muston his heires execrs & Administrs and everye of them be theis presents he the said Moses Ireton at the request and by the speciall direccon and appointmt of the said Peter Rudkin & Thomas Hanger Testified by theire being parties to theis presents & setting theire hands & seales hereunto And the said Peter Rudkin & Thomas Hanger for & in consideracon of the Summe of five shillings of lawfull money of England to them or one of them allso in hand paid by the said John Muston before thenealeing and delivery hereof of the receipt whereof the said Peter Rudkin & Thomas Hanger doe hereby acknowledge and confesse And in Consideracon that the said John Muston hath at the speciall instante and request of the said Peter Rudkin and Thomas Hanger paid unto the said Moses Ireton the said Summe of thirty pounds for the propper debt of the said Anne Theobalds deceased and for divers other good causes and consideracons them there unto moveing have given and granted bargained sold aliened enfeoffed released and Confirmed and by theis presents doe give bargaine sell alien enfeoffe release & confirm unto the said John Muston ( in his full and actuall possession now being by vertue of one Indenture of bargaine and sale for one yeare to him thereof made by the said Moses Ireton Peter Rudkin & Thomas Hanger beareing date the day next before the date hereof and by force of the Statute for transferring uses unto possession) and to his heires and assignes
Indenture Transcription Part 2All and singular the aforesaid quorterne of fouerth parte of one yard land with thappurtencis bee it more or lesse lieinge & being in the feilds of Billesdon as aforesd & now or late in the Tennure or occupacon of the said Peter Rudkin Thomas Hanger or William Hanger or Some or one of them theire some or one of thiere assignee or assignes Togeather with all and singuler proffitts privilidges advantages Commons Comodities and Hereditamnts what soever to the said quortern 8or fouerth parte of one yard land belongeing or in any wise apperteineing and all the said reci[t]ed premises with thappurtennis And also all the estate right Title interest claime or demand whatsoever of them the said Moses Ireton Peter Rudkin and Thomas hanger and everye of them theire and everye of theire heires Executors Administraters and assignes both in Law and equity of in and to the said premises with Thappurtenncs and everye parte and parcell thereof And the Revercon and Revercons Remainder and Remainders thereof To have and to hold the said quorterne or fouerth part of one yard land and premises with theire and everye of theire appurtennances unto the said John Muston his heires and assignes To the onely propper use and behoofe of him the said John Muston and of his heires and assignes forever And the said Moses Ireton for himselfe his heires Executors and Administrators and everye of them doth Consent promise grante agree to and with the said John Muston his heires Executors and Administrators by theis presents that hee the said Moses Ireton hath not done or committed or will [make] or willingly suffered to be done or committed and a[?not read] matter or thing whatsoever whereby or where with the said quorterne of fouerth parte of of one yard land with thappurtenncs or any parte thereof is or are charged or incumbred in title chardge Estate or other wise here soever And the said Peter Rudkin and Thomas Hanger doe Covent grant and agree for themselves & either of them theire and either of theire heires Executors Administrators and assignes to and with the said John Muston that they the said Peter Rudkin & Thomas Hanger and theire heires the said quorterne or fourth parte of one yard land & premises with thappurtenics unto the said John Muston his heires & assignes against them the said Peter Rudkin & Thomas Hanger theire heires Executors Administrators and assignes & against all and everye other person & persons Whatsoever shall & will warrt & forever defend by this presents provided allwaies nevertheless and theis presents are upon this Condicon that if the said Peter Rudkin & Thomas Hanger or either of them theire heire or either of theire heires Executors Admisor assignes or any of them doe & shall well and truly pay or cause to be paied unto the said John Muston his Executors Administrators or assignes the full whole and Intire Summe of three thirty pounds and twelve shillings of lawfull money of England in manner and forme followeing That is to say Eighteene shillings parcell thereof att or upon the three & twentieth day of ffebruary next ensueing the date hereof And Eighteene shillinges parcell thereof att or upon the three and twentieth day of August which shall bee in the yeare of our Lord accordeinge to the accompt of the Church of England one thousand Six hundred Eighty and five And Eighteene shillings parcell thereof att or upon the three and twentieth day of ffebruary which shall bee in the yeare of oure Lord according to the accompt of the Church of England one thousand Six hundred Eighty and five And thirty pounds and Eighteene shillings residue thereof Att or upon the three twentieth day of August which shall bee in the yeare of our Lord according to the accompt of the Church of England one thousand Six hundred Eighty and Six at or in the now dwelling house of William Sheares me[?]nr and being in the Burrough of Leicester afore said without any manner of desa[?]caton or deduccon or abatemt whatsoever and without any co[??] fraude or delay then and from thenceforth the use and estate here in before limmitted to the said John Muston and his heires and assignes shall cause determine and become absolutely void as if the same had never beene limitted or appointed and then their presents and said Execucon of the state hereupon and the assurance hereby made shall be and [enure] to the use and behoofe Peter Rudkin and Thomas Hanger and of theire heires and assignes forever And the said Peter Rudkin and Thomas hanger doe for themselves theire heires Executors and administraters and every of them covenant & promise to & with the said John Muston his heires and assignes that they the said Peter Rudkin & Thomas hanger & theire heires Executors and Administraters and all & everye other person & persons whatsoever having or claimeing or which shall or may have or clame any estate right title or interest into or out of the said premises or any of them shall and will from time to time and att all times hereafter from and after the breach or non-performance of the last promise or condicon aforesaid dureing the space of seaven yeares then next ensueing at the Costs and Chardges of the said Peter Rudkin and Thomas hanger theire Executors or Administrators make doe acknowledge Execute and suffor or cause to bee made done acknowledged Executed and suffered all and everye such further & other lawfulll & reasonable act or acts thing and things devises assurances and conveyances in the law whatsoever for the further better more perfect & absolute assureing and conveying of the said premises with thappurtenances unto the said John Muston his heires and Assignes for ever Bee it by fine ffoeffmt Recoverye or otherwise as by him the said John Muston his heires or Assignes or his or theire councell learned in the law shall be reasonably devised or advised and required And the said Peter Rudkin and Thomas hanger Doe hereby consent promise to and with the said John Muston his heires Executors and administrators that they the said Peter Rudkin and Thomas Hanger theire heires Executors or Administrators or some of them shall and will well and truley pay or cause to to bee paid unto the said John Muston his [something scratched out and filler symbols inserted] executors Administrators or assignes the said summe of three and thirty pounds and twelve shillings in such manner and forme as is in the last proviso herein before appointed to be paid And lastly it is declared and agreed by all the said parties hereunto that until breach or non-performance of the promise aforesaid it shall and may bee lawfull to and for the said Peter Rudkin and Thomas Hanger and theire heires Executors or Administraters to receive and take the rents issues and proffitts of the said premises to theire owne use and benefit In Witnesse etc whereof the parties first above named to this present Indenture interchangeably have sett theire hands and seales the day and yeare first above written Annog Dm 1684
Thomas Watkins‘In memoriam Thomas and Mary Watkins’. By his will of 7th March 1905, Thomas Watkins bequeathed £10 to the trustees of the parish church, the income to be for the benefit of the poor at Christmas. The endowment consisted of £9.16s.11d, two and a half per cent Consolidated Stock producing 4s.8d per annum given to two poor persons.
William SharradWilliam Sharrad and a person unknown each gave £10 for the general use of the poor which was also used to pay for the Bainton enclosure. From the Bainton rent sixteen shillings a year was paid in land tax; eighteen shillings deducted for the repair of the church and the remainder used for the benefit of the poor of the parish.The Bainton land was sold during the period 1961/3 with the exception of a small piece of land in Peakirk and the money invested in 5½% Treasury stock.
This Indenture made the nyne & Twentyth Day of Aprill in the foure and thirtyth yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne Lord Charles the Second by the grace of god of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland king defender of the faithetc Annogr dm 1682 Betweene Dorothy Ireland of preston in the county of Rutland widdow and William Ireland Sonn of the said dorothy of the one parte and Henry Hubbard & Luke Sharpe Richard Chisledine and John Hacke of Langham in the said Countyof Rutland yeoman of the other parte Witnesseth that the said dorothy Ireland and William Ireland for and in consideration of theSumme of ffive shillings of Lawfull English money to them in hand payd by the said Henry Hubbard Luke Sharpe Richard Chisledine and John Hackthe receipt whereof they doe hereby acknowledge have Bargained and Sold & by these presents doe Bargaine and Sell unto the said Henry HubbardLuke Sharpe Richard Chisledine and John Hacke All that one messuage or Tenemt wth the appurternts in Baynton als Baddington in theCounty of Northamton and also all arrable Lands leys medows pastures and Closes thereunto belonging containeing byEstimacon ffifteen acres to th same more or less Situate & Lying and being in the feilds parishes territorys and presentse of Baynton als Maddington aforesaid and of Bar[na]ke and Ufford in the said County of Northampton and the Reversion and Reversions Remander and remandars Together wth the rents and profits of the premises and every parte and parcell thereof To have and to hold the said Messuage or tenement and all andSingular other the premises herein menconned and intended to be hereby Barganed and Sold wth their and every of theire appurtenances unto the said HenryHubbard Luke Sharpe Richard Chisledine John Hacke their Executors and Assignes from the day before the date hereof for and during the terme of one wholeyeare from thence next ensuering and fully to be Complete and ended Yeildinge and paieinge therefore the yearely Rent of one peper Corne att the feast of Saint Michaell the Archangeil onely if the same be demanded to the intent that by virtue of these presents and of the Statute for Transferring uses intopossession the said Henry Hubbard Luk Sharpe Richard Chisledine and John Hacke may be in the Actuall pssession of the premises and be enabled to [word not read]of the reversion and inheritance thereof to them and theire Heirs In witness whereof the partyes first above named to these present Indentures have here untointerchangeable set thir hands and Seales the day and yeare above written